United Black Youth League

Bradford 12: Self-Defence is No Offence

Bradford 12: Self-Defence is No Offence.

Anandi Ramamurthy's history of the Bradford 12 trial, in which twelve members of the United Black Youth League were arrested on conspiracy charges for preparing to defend their community from fascists. Ramamurthy places the trial in the context of the urban riots which swept Britain in the summer of 1981 as well as detailing the solidarity campaign, their bold legal defence and eventual acquittal.

Emerging conflicts in the Asian Youth Movements

United Black Youth League, Bradford.

Anandi Ramamurthy analyses the emerging divisions within the Asian Youth Movements around the issue of state funding. One faction opted to accept and was slowly absorbed into the functioning of the local state apparatus as individuals made careers for themselves in the Labour Party. Meanwhile, the other faction split off to form the United Black Youth League, opting instead for a more militant path.

Self Defence is No Offence - The Bradford 12

Bradford 12

Newsletter produced by Leeds Other Paper and the Bradford 12 campaign shortly after they won their court battle, having been arrested for creating molotov cocktails for community self-defense against the National Front.

Short hot summer 1981

A series of articles by History is Made at Night on the 1981 July uprisings/ riots, which occurred in Brixton, Southall, Toxteth, Moss Side, Wood Green, London, Leicester and Bradford.