sociology

A survey of the French workers (1880) – La Revue Socialiste

The text of a questionnaire circulated among working class and trade union circles in France in 1880 by the editors of La Revue Socialiste, as part of an attempt to generate a statistical database to facilitate a detailed understanding the situation of the working class in France, and to promote much-needed reforms similar to those enacted in Great Britain with respect to reducing the length of the working day, regulating female and child labor, and implementing industrial safety and sanitation guidelines.

Marx: a radical critique - Alan Carter

Alan Carter's libertarian communist critique of Marxism as an ideology developed by a rising "managerial-technical" class that would replace the bourgeoisie as a new ruling class without altering in any fundamental way the exploitation of the proletariat. Carter attacks historical materialism, Marxist economics, Marxist sociology, Marx's theory of the state, and Marxist-Leninist politics (which he identifies as the form of politics advocated by Marx himself).

A 'New Spirit of Capitalism' (Review) - Sebastian Budgen

The New Spirit of Capitalism

A review of the book 'The New Spirit of Capitalism', a book tracing the development of new network forms of industry, and new forms of managerial practice. It originally appeared in the New Left Review.

Authority and delinquency - Alex Comfort

Classic 1950 essay on the criminology of government by Dr Alex Comfort, republished in 1988 with a new preface. Originally written in the wake of WWII, the book was concerned with illustrating that deviant behaviour - unacceptable in the public at large - had become the norm in the political and military arena.

Sects and sectarianism - Scott Jay

Religious and revolutionary sects have much more in common with each other than they would generally prefer to admit. Their ideas may be completely different, but their obsession with ideas produces organizations with the same behaviors.

The sociology of Leninist organizations

The behavior of Leninist groups is shaped less by the rules than by the social environment of their organizations.

The gift - Marcel Mauss

In this, his most famous work, Marcel Mauss presented to the world a book which revolutionized our understanding of some of the basic structures of society. By identifying the complex web of exchange and obligation involved in the act of giving, Mauss called into question many of our social conventions and economic systems. In a world rife with runaway consumption, The Gift continues to excite and challenge.