Robert O. Paxton

Vichy france: Old guard and new order, 1940-1944

Robert O. Paxton's classic study of the aftermath of France's sudden collapse under Nazi invasion utilizes captured German archives and other contemporary materials to construct a strong and disturbing account of the Vichy period in France.

Against mirror world: fascists were not socialists

Black Book of Communism

A couple of excerpts from the work of scholars of fascism against the notion that the fascists were socialists.

The anatomy of fascism - Robert O. Paxton

What is fascism? Many authors have proposed definitions, but most fail to move beyond the abstract