philosophy

Immutable tablets of the communist theory of the party

Gustave Doré: Moses breaks the tablets of the law (credit: appleeye.org)

Amadeo Bordiga’s 1960 article, translated here into English for the first time, which summarizes and then extends his earlier commentary on Marx’s Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts. Rejecting all notions of Marx’s profound or lasting indebtedness to Hegel, the author advocates for the return of the communist party (in the historical rather than formal sense) to the “tablets of stone” upon which it was founded already in 1844. These consist of the programmatic description of communist society, which will bridge the gap between man and nature by abolishing the individual and personality, and resolve the riddles and contrasts that have plagued philosophy for thousands of years.

The original content of the communist program is the obliteration of the individual as an economic subject, rights-holder, and agent of human history (Part II)

Día de Muertos in Janitzio (credit: México Destinos)

The second part of Amadeo Bordiga’s exposition of the features of communist society and of the revolutionary party that, in his estimation, is the only entity able to bring it into being. Critique of democracy, and of the “immediatist” conceptions of those who would like to see the party replaced by different forms of organization, is here tightly interlinked with a vision of society which will know nothing of classes or exchange and which will spatially and temporally integrate the entire human species into the Social Man, who will not even have any use for “freedom” in the conventional sense of the word.

Bakunin, historical materialism, and social philosophy – Brian Morris

Two chapters from Bakunin: The Philosophy of Freedom by Brian Morris which illustrate Bakunin’s views in terms of historical materialism and social philosophy which have often been misunderstood or overlooked.

Sade as moralist

MAURICE CRANSTON, who lectures on political science at the London School of Economics, wrote the imaginary conversation between Marx and Bakunin which appeared in ANARCHY 22. His reflections on the Marat/Sade play, recently performed at the Aldwych Theatre by the Royal Shakespeare Company, are reprinted from The Guardian by kind permission of the author and editor.

Aristophanic pacifism

The late WILBUR BURTON’s article first appeared in the Autumn 1951 issue of Retort, the anarchist journal which used to be published at Bearsville, New York by Holley Cantine and Dachine Rainer, by whose kind permission it is reprinted.

Anarchism in Greek philosophy

D. FERRARO’s article appears in No. 1 of The Pluralist (Box 3015 G.P.O. Sydney, Australia) and is reprinted by kind permission of the author and editors.

Anarchy #045

Issue of Anarchy magazine published in November 1964, this issue is about Anarchism and Ancient Greece.

Anarchy #063

Issue of Anarchy magazine from May 1966, this issue largely concerns the work of Etiene de La Boetie a sixteenth century French philosopher.

African Philosophy: Myth and Reality

African Philosophy: Myth and Reality

In this seminal exploration of the nature and future of African philosophy, Paulin J. Hountondji attacks a myth popularized by ethnophilosophers such as Placide Tempels and Alexis Kagame that there is an indigenous, collective African philosophy separate and distinct from other philosophical traditions. He defends a critical universalism.