peasantry

The Workers and Peasants of Russia and Ukraine: How Do They Live? - Augustin Souchy

Augustin Souchy's work on the living conditions of Russian and Ukrainian workers and peasants in the early days of the Soviet Union.

Class Struggle in the First French Republic Bourgeois and Bras Nus 1793-1795 - Daniel Guerin

Daniel Guerin's work analysing the class tensions during the French Revolution and within the first French Republic.

Police Regulation of Working Class Life in 19th Century France

A police commissaire is seriously injured in a Paris riot

One of the consequences of the frequent insurrections, riots and demonstrations of 19th Century France was the increased surveillance and repression by the police, army and government. This article details the rise of the Party of Order and then Napoleon III's police state and the state of emergencies in the countryside.

1848: Peasant Agitation in Italy

A short article about the conditions of peasants on the Italian peninsular in the 1840s and their agitation and what this meant for the Italian revolutions of 1848.

1850: Bulgarian Peasants Revolt

Turkish Bashi-Bazouks

A short history of an uprising by (mostly) Bulgarian peasants in the waning Ottoman Empire. The peasants fought to abolish their feudal duties and taxes, but many of their leaders were also motivated by a mix of national autonomy and Christianity. The revolt was defeated but outrage over the severe reprisals by the authorities forced the Ottoman Empire to back down and introduce limited land and tax reforms.

1883- The Timok Rebellion

A history of the uprising of Peasant communes in Eastern Serbia after the King tried to seize their weapons.

Beyond the agrarian revolution - Peter Jonas

Agricultural workers

The text translated below discusses the role of the agrarian revolution in marxist political movements and the underlying historical/theoretical assumptions about capitalist development. It also goes into the current state of affairs resulting from the global demise of the independent peasantry and revolutionary peasant movements, and asks what remains of a communist agrarian programme.

House to Goddess of the House: Gender, Class and Silk in 19th Century Mount Lebanon

An essay on the development of capitalism in Lebanon and the effects it had upon gender roles. Mainly focusing on women workers in the silk industry from a Christian Lebanese background.

1907: Iranian General Strike

During the instability of the Constitutional Revolution of 1907 Iranian workers launched a series of strikes to achieve reforms, particularly land redistribution, the right to strike and an 8 hour day.