Madagascar

The 1947 Malagasay uprising

In 1947 an insurrection broke out in Madagascar, beginning with raids on police stations in the East and South then quickly spreading across the island. The French colonial government doubled its defence force in response, and the subsequent repression led to an estimated 90,000 or more deaths. While the revolt has been attributed to the reformist MDRM party, two underground organisations, Vy Vato Sakelika (VVS) and JINA, were instrumental in the early stages, although even they stated later that they did not begin the insurgency. Strikers at Renault in Paris denounced the repression.