Louis Blanc

Socialism, Cooperative and Republican: Bernard Moss

At the time of the 1848 Revolution in France the dominant form of Socialism was a loose coalition connected with French Republicanism and the Cooperative movement. This article covers there role within the French 19th century workers movement.

Authoritarian Communism and Libertarian Communism - Max Nettlau

This brief survey of the historical and philosophical differences between authoritarian and libertarian communism, written by the anarchist historian Max Nettlau in 1928, exemplifies the “anarchism without adjectives” which, confronted by the Bolshevik experience, reacted by reasserting the particularly liberal and pluralistic roots of the anarchist tradition and denouncing the “doctrinaire rigidity” that hinders the formation of “the great union of all men of good will” that is the only force that can successfully oppose the worldwide trend towards barbarism and fascism.