German Resistance

WCH E4: Anti-Nazi youth movements in World War II

A group of Edelweiss Pirates

An interview with historian Nick Heath about anti-Nazi youth cultural movements in fascist Europe before and during World War II. In particular we look at the German Edelweiss Pirates and Swing Kids, the French Zazous and the Austrian Schlurfs.

The Herbert Baum group blog

members of the Baum group

A collection of writings by Eric Brothers on the Baum group of German Jews who fought against the Nazi regime.

Life in the century's midnight

Photo of bodies being burned at Auschwitz taken by resistance member

A history of the left wing and Jewish resistance movement in the Auschwitz concentration camp during the holocaust, by Marcus Barnett.

A half-blind communist with a sharp eye for the future. Marinus van der Lubbe (1909-1934) and his Reichstag Fire

Marinus' mugshot, 1931

Interesting history of Marinus van der Lubbe, the young communist building worker who burned down the Reichstag, and was falsely denounced as a Nazi agent by the Communist Party, by Joep de Visser.

Resistance to Nazism: Shattered Armies-How the Working Class fought Nazism and Fascism 1933-1945

Telling the stories of libertarian groups that were opposing Fascism in Europe before, and into, the rise of the Nazis including Edelweiss Pirates, FAUD underground, Zazous, 43 group, Arditi del Popolo and dozens of other Italian groups

Opposition and resistance in Nazi Germany

Group of Edelweiss Pirates being executed, Cologne 10 November 1944

Pamphlet offering a snapshot of some elements of the resistance to Nazism in Germany before and during World War II. It is not a comprehensive account and has some important omissions, discussed in the comments below.

Krüschedt, Fritz (1910-1978)

A short biography of German anarchist Fritz Krüschedt

Höme, Werner (1907 -1937)

Werner Höme

A short biography of German anarchist Werner Höme, murdered by the Nazis

Steinacker, Hermann ( 1870-1944)

A short biography of Hermann Steinacker, German anarchist murdered by the Nazis.

Usinger, Georg, 1900-1990

A short biography of Georg Usinger, German anarchist active in Offenbach