CNT

10-Point Program of the Catalan CNT

Picket in Olot, Catalonia, during the Catalan General Strike of 2017.

Twice in the last year, the anarcho-syndicalist CNT of Spain has led general strikes which had a massive following, despite the abstention or active sabotage of the business unions. With the deepening crisis in Catalonia, and the CNT's growing legitimacy, they have put forward a program to mobilize and unify action.

The Echo of the Crutches: An Essay on Manuel Escorza del Val – Víctor Malavez

Manuel Escorza del Val

The first installment of a planned series of articles on Manuel Escorza del Val and the espionage and counterespionage agency he directed during the Spanish Civil War (the Investigation and Intelligence Commission of the CNT-FAI), with discussions of the espionage agencies of the Nationalists, the Catalonian government, the Republican parties, the Communists, as well as other anarchist and anarchosyndicalist special operations groups, including the German anarchosyndicalist exiles (DAS), focused for the most part on their activities in Catalonia and on the French border.

Lessons of the Spanish Revolution - Vernon Richards

Collectivised transport during the revolution

A critical account and assessment of the Spanish civil war and revolution, particularly focusing on the successes and failures of the anarchist organisations, written by Vernon Richards.

Masera, Pedro (1877- 1938)

A short biography of the Spanish anarchist miner Pedro Masera, murdered by the Francoists in 1938

Female combatants in the Spanish civil war: milicianas on the front lines and in the rearguard

Anarchist militia women in revolutionary Spain

An overview of women fighters in the anti-fascist militias during the Spanish civil war 1936-7, written by Lisa Lines in 2009.

Manuel Escorza del Val (1912-1968). A biographical note – Agustín Guillamón

A brief biographical sketch of the remarkable life of Manuel Escorza del Val (1912-1968), who, disabled by polio when he was a child, but possessing a formidable intellect and an indomitable will, was an active member of the Libertarian Youth and the Peninsular Committee of the FAI, and then the chief of domestic intelligence for the CNT-FAI during the Spanish Civil War—a ruthless persecutor of fascists, priests and “incontrolados”, and “the most powerful figure in the CNT” in April-May 1937 when he played a decisive role in the outbreak of the May Events—and, after the war, he emigrated to Chile, where he wrote literary and cultural review articles for local newspapers.

The Catalan CNT and the Asturias uprising

Asturian miners in the trenches in October 1934.

Article responding to criticisms of the anarchist CNT union in Catalonia during the Asturias uprising of 1934. In particular it looks at how the CNT was being repressed by Catalan authorities at the time.

Political persecution in republican Spain

Montjuich prison, 1939

Short article by Emma Goldman giving an overview of Stalinist persecution of revolutionary antifascists during the Spanish civil war.

Problems of syndicalism and anarchism – Juan Peiró

A pamphlet first published in 1930 composed of a series of articles by Juan Peiró—anarchist glass worker, twice National Secretary of the CNT, “Treintista”, Minister of Industry under Caballero, executed by the Franco regime in 1942—arguing for a dual strategy for anarchism and syndicalism, in which syndicalism pursues the “political” goals of anarchism (resistance, general strike, expropriation, meeting the needs of the population immediately after the revolution), while anarchism serves as a guide for syndicalism and works for the “social”, or truly constructive goals of the revolution that are not class-based but “human” (the “Commune”, generalized liberty and cultural progress).

A journey into libertarian historical memory; Casas Viejas, January 1933

The aftermath of the massacre at Casas Viejas

A short history of the tragically unsuccessful uprising of anarchist peasants in the small town of Casas Viejas which ended in a brutal massacre of the participants by the Republican government.