Austria

WCH E4: Anti-Nazi youth movements in World War II

A group of Edelweiss Pirates

An interview with historian Nick Heath about anti-Nazi youth cultural movements in fascist Europe before and during World War II. In particular we look at the German Edelweiss Pirates and Swing Kids, the French Zazous and the Austrian Schlurfs.

1848 The Year of Revolutions- George Woodcock

George Woodcock charts the events of the revolutionary wave that swept Europe in 1848. Assessing their political characters, their accomplishments and defeats.

1950: Austrian General Strike

In post war Austria the rivalry between the Communist party and the Social Democrats came to ahead in 1950 with the Communist party initiated strike call out. The strike failed largely due to the resistance of the Social Democrat labour organisations.

1927: Austrian General Strike

In the Summer of 1927 the Austrian Social Democrats remained powerful despite their history of collaboration with the government. In response to the acquittal of the murderers of a worker and his 8 year old son Viennese workers came out in force, in a series of riots. Fearing a revolution the Social Democratic party called a general strike and used its powerful Socialist Republican Guard to police the workers and keep them off the streets.

This history of the event has been written by a pacifist and so views this betrayal as a positive development.

Anti-fascism: formula for confusion - Bilan

This article from Bilan, the journal of the Italian communist left in exile in France and Belgium, examines what they consider the disorienting and stifling effect on the proletarian movement, of co-operation with bourgeois forces (liberals and reformist-socialists) in the name of 'anti-fascism'. Bilan argue that the result of such collaboration is the moderation/liquidation of the working-class as a revolutionary force, the co-option of its organs of struggle, and the dissipation of the movement, ultimately taking the view that 'anti-fascism' is self-defeating.

Red Vienna: experiment in working class culture, 1919-1934. - Helmut Gruber

From 1919 to 1934, the Socialist government in Vienna sought to create a comprehensive working-class culture, striving to provide a foretaste of the socialist utopia in the present. In Red Vienna, Gruber critically examines the impact of this experiment in all areas of life, from massive public housing projects and health and education programs to socialist parades, festivals, and sporting events designed to create a "new" working class.

Unused farm land occupied in Vienna

SoliLa

On Saturday, May 4th activists of the initiative „Solidarity Agriculture“, in short SoliLa!, occupied some farm land in the 21st district in Vienna, which was not cultivated or used in another way for years.

Asylum seekers occupy a church in Vienna

Frustrated at the lack of help from the local or national government, being kept in terrible conditions, and frequent threats of deportation, 100 asylum seekers have occupied a church in Vienna – 27 of whom are now on hunger strike. Despite the possibility of alternative accommodation being found they are refusing to leave due to so many disappointments in the past.

Austrian student occupations: our social context and our demands

studentoccupation

A statement by students at the university occupation in Vienna (winter 2009). This document was produced early in the struggle. Published in English by The Commune (22.11.09).

The Schlurfs - youth against Nazism

A short account of the Schlurfs, working class Austrian youth who rejected the values of Nazism