1870s

Notes on Bakunin's book 'Statehood and anarchy' - Karl Marx

Marx responds to Bakunin's criticisms of Marx and Marxism. Marx's comments were written at the end of 1874 as he read Bakunin's book as part of his efforts to learn Russian and to study Russian society.

The Australian maritime strike, 1878-1879

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A short history of the 1878 strike of sailors and maritime workers in Australia which prevented the seaman being sacked and replaced by cheaper workers.

The great railroad strike, 1877 - Howard Zinn

Sketch of the Chicago Battle of the Viaduct during the Great Railroad Strike.

Howard Zinn's short history of the biggest industrial dispute in American history by that time, shutting down half the country's rail network.

The Paris Commune, 1871: a short account - Workers Solidarity Movement

A short history of the Paris Commune, weak on details of the revolution and working class organisation but with good information about the makeup of the elected Communards and details of the fighting and repression at the end of the Commune.

The Paris Commune of 1871 - Undercurrent

Short text about the Commune by Undercurrent, as the University of Sussex unveils a flawed exhibition on the uprising.

Karl Marx and the Paris Commune - CLR James

CLR James on Marx, the Commune and their relevance for workers in the US.

The Commune: Paris 1871 – P. Guillaume and Martin Grainger

P. Guillaume and Martin Grainger, a pseudonym of Maurice Brinton, in Solidarity pamphlet #35, write on the Paris commune of 1871.

The civil war in France - Karl Marx

Karl Marx's contemporary account of the Paris Commune, placing it in context fo the wider events in France at the time. The Paris Commune significantly changed Marx's ideas about the "Dictatorship of the Proletariat", and his support for it's organisation structures suggests a different trajectory of revolutionary organisation to the "Marxist" revolutions in the 20th Century.

The Paris Commune and the idea of the state - Mikhail Bakunin

Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin on the Paris Commune and the idea of government and the state.