10-Point Program of the Catalan CNT

Picket in Olot, Catalonia, during the Catalan General Strike of 2017.

Twice in the last year, the anarcho-syndicalist CNT of Spain has led general strikes which had a massive following, despite the abstention or active sabotage of the business unions. With the deepening crisis in Catalonia, and the CNT's growing legitimacy, they have put forward a program to mobilize and unify action.

Originally posted in English at From the Ashes.

Introduction:

We have translated this program that the CNT (a revolutionary union in Spain) is putting forward as a solution for the current political and economic crisis in Catalonia. We think this program is important for revolutionaries in other countries to engage with because of the unique situation in Catalonia, and of the CNT and the other radical unions there. The problems in Catalonia are different in many ways from the ones we see in North America, and not everything can (or should) be copied over without context. Several of the proposals, in fact, may not make sense for North America. This is appropriate - when revolutionaries are in a position to actually influence the course of events, they need to know how to make their principles present “in the workplaces and the streets", as this program attempts to. That will always look different based on the local context.

Twice in the last year, the CNT (along with other radical unions) has led general strikes which had a massive following, despite the abstention or active sabotage of the Spanish business unions: the Catalan general strike against state repression in October 2017, and then the Feminist General Strike on March 8 of this year. The radical unions, the CNT and CGT in particular, are successfully becoming a major point of reference for the working class in Spain, especially the most combative sections of it.[i] This program isn't just words on a screen - it is meant to be a weapon, and there is a real chance it could actually be taken up by workers in large in large numbers to mobilize and unite their struggles.

The political crisis in Catalonia would make it very easy for revolutionaries to be disoriented by a wave of nationalism, and either stay silent, or speak without saying anything useful. This program from the Catalan CNT is a very concrete attempt to propose a path forward that is based on common class interests rather than nationalism. It contains specific proposals that can mobilize multiple distinct sections of the working class that have their own distinct challenges, such as working women or agrarian workers, and lead to a unity in struggle that recognizes and addresses those unique challenges.

It's also important to remember that the CNT operates from the bottom-up, without any experts planning out their strategy from above. This program was developed and proposed by rank-and-file members in one branch, and was then discussed and modified by all of the other members in Catalonia through their branches before being collectively adopted. This is exactly how revolutionary unions should develop their programs, rather than (for example) endless debates on social media that lead nowhere.

- Wobblies for a Revolutionary Union Movement

Spanish Version - Original Catalan Version
 

Faced with the current political situation in Catalonia and everything that has happened recently, the union branches of the CNT in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands understand that:

  • We need to make sure that our anarcho-syndicalist principles are present in the street, so that they give us credibility and legitimacy among our class, the working class. That is why we won't let any political parties make decisions for us, nor will we let them cover the struggle of the Catalan people in their flags. If we want to be taken seriously, we need to put forward proposals which are credible, possible, and above all useful - in the street, and in the workplaces.
  • The problems that we, the people of Catalonia, are facing today must be fought and dealt with by us, without anybody else telling us what to do. We have to make it clear for the people in Catalonia that the Catalan problem requires an internationalist and anti-statist solution. We can't fall into xenophobia, or into promises of better states within the capitalist regime.
  • The "Catalan problem" is actually all of Spain's problem. It's a unique opportunity to overturn the "Regime of '78"[ii]; we are the only ones that have the legitimacy to speak against this regime. We were the only ones who didn't sign their conciliation treaties, and we are the only ones who never stopped denouncing the pseudo-democratic mafia which has been governing us for the last 40 years.
  • For us, workplace organizing is a means, not an end. Our goal is the social revolution which will completely overturn the current socioeconomic order. We support the Catalan population in its current demands as a population and a society, insofar as we form a part of this population and this society. Once these goals have been achieved, we will continue working for our ultimate objectives.

 

With this understood, we declare that:

We only want a republic if it is social and anarchist, based in the self-management of the means of production, distribution, and consumption. The Catalan population's aspiration towards self-determination and social justice is only possible if we have a class perspective, and a focus on creating the structures of self-management that help prepare the working classes to construct the society we desire.

The union branches of the CNT of Catalonia want to make very clear that we remain firm in our commitment to the work that we consider essential to progress, the defense of the rights and freedoms of the working class, and the Social Revolution. Therefore, we are publicizing a 10-point program, which we will continue to develop from our union branches. We will also work to create public platforms to support the achievement of this program. This is the only way we will win improvements for the working classes.

1) Direct development of permanent jobs

In private enterprises and public administrations, as a general rule, all contracts will be indefinite and full-time. In cases where a business wants to contract workers in another way, this will be discussed and agreed to with the union representations (Union Sections) which are present in the workplace. The unitary representations (works councils or staff delegates) will be excluded from these negotiations.[iii]

2) Development of a regular work day

Complete elimination of extra hours. Complete elimination of the irregular distribution of the workday. If a business or public administration claims the need to restructure from a normal workday, they will have to discuss it with the union branches which have a presence in the workplace. The state-sponsored representations (works councils and staff delegates) will be excluded from these negotiations.

3) New general minimum wage

Establishment of a new minimum wage of 1,200 Euros per month for all workers in public administrations or private companies.

4) Action Plan for Equality

Elimination of all categories in collective bargaining agreements which cover up offering working women positions with worse salary conditions than their male colleagues. All working women will immediately be transferred to the appropriate salary category.

5) Factory closures

Faced with factory closures: recovery, transformation, and worker's self-management.

6) Confederal Employment Plans

Out of the union branches, we envision the creation of:

  • Cooperative projects of production and consumption, in the city as well as the country.
  • Hiring halls for people without work, in the city as well as the country.

We will tend to their promotion and creation, as well as establishing contact with other cooperative projects that share interests. This will help towards the creation of a united platform for mobilization, oriented towards relieving the situation of people without work.

7) Comprehensive health reform

We propose: Establishment of technical associations to manage the health centers (hospitals and primary care) with the participation of members of the Popular Assembly, in the city as well as the country. These Popular Assemblies might already exist, they might be Associations of Neighbors, they might be created by the unions to fill this role, or they might be a fusion of all of these, resulting from the unitary platforms for mobilization which were mentioned earlier.[iv]

8) Comprehensive Educational Reform

We propose: Defense of the linguistic immersion model which is the current norm in Catalonia, which we consider unifying and progressive. Creation and promotion of free school projects by any means which are available (renting, buying, occupying...), on the part of the unitary platforms of mobilization (popular assemblies) in the city as well as the country. Active participation by the popular assemblies in the development of blueprints for turning the current public schools into truly free schools.

9) Comprehensive Agrarian Reform

We propose: Abolition of the special Social Security system in the country; all workers are equal. Immediate affirmative action in health and education with the cities. Promotion of cooperative work. Promotion of a change in the structure of farming, to adapt it to high quality and agro-ecological forms. Promotion of distribution and exchange networks.

10) Structures of Self-Management

The unitary platforms of mobilization (or the union branches of the CNT in areas where these platforms don't yet exist) which have already taken up education and health as areas of work according to the above proposals, should also become involved in housing and energy poverty. This is how we will continue to prepare and ready ourselves to take on ever more issues which put us on the road to self-management, which is exactly the type of society which we wish to live in.
Adopted in Olot, Catalonia, April 11, 2018
 

 

[i] The CNT and CGT both lay reference to the historical anarchosyndicalist (revolutionary unionist) movement in Spain. They have different approaches to Spanish labor law, and did not work closely together for a long time, but since the economic crisis hit Spain in 2008, they have begun to forge a working unity in struggle, most recently exemplified during the Catalan General Strike in 2017 and then the Feminist General Strike in 2018.

[ii] The “Regime of ‘78” refers to the system that was set up after the death of the dictator, Francisco Franco. From the perspective of the CNT and other revolutionaries, the so-called ‘transición’ (transition to democracy) was really just a ‘traición’(betrayal).

[iii] In Spain, each worker has a contract (or is supposed to) which regulates their work. “Union sections” are branches of workers at a particular workplace, and form the basis of the CNT’s strategy for dealing with Spanish labor law. “Works councils” are government-supported and -financed bodies at large workplaces based on voting for representatives every 4 years – the CNT rejects these bodies and calls on all workers to organize without them.

[iv] Popular Assemblies became very popular in Spain after the M15 movement in 2011. Similar to General Assemblies in North America, they are mass meetings which allow everyone present to speak. Associations of Neighbors are legacies of neighborhood-level mobilizations from the 60s and 70s.

Posted By

OliverTwister
Apr 27 2018 19:46

Share


  • The "Catalan problem" is actually all of Spain's problem. It's a unique opportunity to overturn the "Regime of '78"; we are the only ones that have the legitimacy speak against this regime.

    CNT

Attached files

Comments

Ragnar
May 10 2018 13:27

Sorry Awesome Dude for delay in answer to you. I hope that this help it

It is best understood when explaining the cultural context that exists in Spain. CNT has an association for the history of wanting the abolition of salary and social classes, associated with anarchism, with the radicalism of the left and with the social revolution. So we do not need to do maximal programs, all or nothing, all the time.
The CNT has more agreements, campaigns, social-cultural acts and grassroots work that embrace programs like this. It also has a fairly profiled program for when we are back in a revolutionary period, which does not exist today in Europe, in which case we live a period of regression or progress of reactionary policies.

I do not think that the working class is disoriented, I think it is clear that they want better wages, housing, quality public services (health, education, transport ...), etc ... The point is how they think it is better to get it , there is a good percentage of workers who think that this could be achieved by ending the monarchy, or with independence. I am very sure that ending the monarchy (regime of 78 ') would open a period of change and rupture of Francoist hegemony culture on many issues. The current policies of the PP and the Francoist cultural scene are generating movements of contestation, be it the feminist movement that grows strongly in Spain, or the fight of the pensioners, as well as the territorial tensions for not wanting to fit the identity and language diversity of the country .

Returning to the program, perhaps you understand better if you know more about Spanish labor legislation but ok, it is a program for our industrial sections in companies and at a territorial level local branches can work, seek sympathy and alliances with other unions or social organizations. Going forward and achieving the objectives of the program that are medium term brings us closer to a prerevolutionary context. Why do I say this? would facilitate more grassroots action in unionism in general, which reinforces our years of work in companies and our union strategy, would facilitate the implementation and affiliation of more labor sectors, also in the process would give us a position of more power to pressure and control in companies and municipalities (on which the budgets of public services depend). It would advance in the joint work of anarcho-syndicalism and cooperativism, which helps to generate a social community that rehearses how the working class can direct and manage the future society. It also tackles the multiemployment, making room for more hiring of unemployed workers, but with an important detail, through employment exchanges directed by the union.
In general, it is a program that helps us to advance positions to be big and to be able to seriously raise a social revolution.

melenas
May 10 2018 23:09

The anarcho-nationalist, that some people is speaking about, always existed, was the Spanish anarcho-nationalist that defense the unity of Spain, they criticizes others because they use other language that is not Spanish and were against the free federation of collectivities, all should be under Spanish borders and nationalist way of thinking. Thankfully that positions are desapearing and anarchist in Spain are developing to an anti-nationalist positions base on, we mas make the revolution where ever is possible not attending to artificial borders invent by all the nationalist.

Revolutionary organizations try to make steps in the revolutionary way wherever is possible and with the tools we have. If the program was presented in all Spain (already is done because is base in our public agreements) nobody could be speaking now about anarchonationalist when the truth is that our agreements are only for Spain.

akai
May 10 2018 22:45

RM is on the money here.

But there are several associated issues and questions. The first of course being how certain movements are perceived and then used in the "recruiting for the revolution" process. Since this is essentially a recruiting process, some do not want to go into what they later pretend are "nuances". This of course wears down the analysis and politics of said organizations/ movements.

Second one can talk about the continuing lure of nationalism among both the left and anarchist movements. Here I would venture to put a lot of the current adherents rather into the left group, since that's where many of them actually come from. But it is not exclusive to it. The autonomy arguments are weak but find support in the less ideologicaly strident sectors of CNT-R. (I will use that denomination for them.)

This is nothing new and I would recommend reading the book about Pierats to get a good idea of what this looked like in practice after the organization resurfaced in the late 70s.

Finally, there is the issue of the influence of these sectors on the CNT-R currently. Besides the Catalan nationalists, there are the Basques and currently the largest union is in that area and holds the Secretariat. As one can expect, the nationalistic tendencies often hold other views which are problematic, as bad politics seldom rest on single problematic areas.

syndicalist
May 10 2018 23:25
Quote:
The anarchs-nationalist, that some people is speaking about, always existed,

What a shame.

Red Marriott
May 10 2018 23:28
melenas wrote:
The anarcho nationalist some people is speaking about always existed, was the Spanish anarcho nationalist that defence be unity of Spain, they criticizes to others because they use other language that is not Spanish and were against the free federation of collectivities, all should be under Spanish borders and nationalist way of thinking. Thankfully that positions are desapearing and anarchist in Spain are developing to an anti-nationalist positions

No - I'm not referring to those nationalists defending the unity of present Spain - and it's not very convincing to try to use them to dismiss the existence of an anarcho-nationalism closer to home. I'm referring to the local Catalan anarcho-nationalists that your CNT secretary refers to;

CNT Foreign Relations Secretary wrote:
... my understanding is that there are different attitudes towards independence among the anarchists. While groups like Embat share a similar analysis to ours (with countless differences, no doubt), others have taken a decided anarcho-nationalist position and support independence outright. The fact is that we have found common ground with some anarchist organisations, to the extent that they featured in our call for the general strike in Catalonia on the 3rd of October and in our joint propaganda. [...]
Some anarchists argue for independence saying that the smaller the state, the easier it is to fight against it. Sure! That’s why San Marino and Monaco (or the Vatican City, for that matter) are long stablished libertarian communist societies. Jokes aside, it’s difficult to see how smaller states that are the outcome of a long communal struggle for independence are going to be less homogeneous and easier to crack than larger colonialist centralised ones.
- CNT Foreign Relations Secretary Miguel Perez
http://meydangazetesi.org/gundem/2017/11/interview-with-anarchist-union-cnt-on-catalonia-referandum/

He's not personally sympathetic to their views but is at least honest and/or informed enough to admit they exist.

melenas
May 10 2018 23:35
akai wrote:
Finally, there is the issue of the influence of these sectors on the CNT-R currently. Besides the Catalan nationalists, there are the Basques and currently the largest union is in that area and holds the Secretariat. As one can expect, the nationalistic tendencies often hold other views which are problematic, as bad politics seldom rest on single problematic areas.

Mrs Split (I will use this name since 3 splits at your back is something to be proud of), your affirmation cant be more wrong. I´m sure you never spend not even a minute in a CNT assemble in basque country, never listen a CNT meeting of First of may in Bilbao . You don´t know any thing about CNT basque militants but you are able to use your prejudices and nonsense claims to continue your erratic speech.

Because one day you read a book, you cant came here to speak about something you don´t know. Your speech is the typical Spanish nationalist speech we are tired to listen in the mass media, in which you can see that the only nationalist that exist for them is the basque and Catalan and never the Spanish. You accuse anarchist of basque country and cataluña of being nationalist, but you don´t accuse Spanish anarchist of the same, because as media do, to be Spanish for you is not nationalist, is normal.

melenas
May 10 2018 23:56
Red Marriott wrote:
melenas wrote:
The anarcho nationalist some people is speaking about always existed, was the Spanish anarcho nationalist that defence be unity of Spain, they criticizes to others because they use other language that is not Spanish and were against the free federation of collectivities, all should be under Spanish borders and nationalist way of thinking. Thankfully that positions are desapearing and anarchist in Spain are developing to an anti-nationalist positions

No - I'm not referring to those nationalists defending the unity of present Spain - and it's not very convincing to try to use them to dismiss the existence of an anarcho-nationalism closer to home. I'm referring to the local Catalan anarcho-nationalists that your CNT secretary refers to;

CNT Foreign Relations Secretary wrote:
... my understanding is that there are different attitudes towards independence among the anarchists. While groups like Embat share a similar analysis to ours (with countless differences, no doubt), others have taken a decided anarcho-nationalist position and support independence outright. The fact is that we have found common ground with some anarchist organisations, to the extent that they featured in our call for the general strike in Catalonia on the 3rd of October and in our joint propaganda. [...]
Some anarchists argue for independence saying that the smaller the state, the easier it is to fight against it. Sure! That’s why San Marino and Monaco (or the Vatican City, for that matter) are long stablished libertarian communist societies. Jokes aside, it’s difficult to see how smaller states that are the outcome of a long communal struggle for independence are going to be less homogeneous and easier to crack than larger colonialist centralised ones.
- CNT Foreign Relations Secretary Miguel Perez
http://meydangazetesi.org/gundem/2017/11/interview-with-anarchist-union-cnt-on-catalonia-referandum/

He's not personally sympathetic to their views but is at least honest and/or informed enough to admit they exist.

Ok, nice, but you don´t understand what I mean, The Spanish anarcho-nationalims seen as "normal" and not identifying it as what it is, is much more bigger that 2 groups that en general have very limited influence in anarchy movement. The big step that is making the anarchist in Spain is to speak about how to create real independence (libertarian communism economical and social organization) with without worrying if is in cuenca, lekeitio or Sant Esteve de les Roures. That the importance of this program, that is base in CNT congresses agreements and that can be use wherever the people ask them selves, how can we face the situation and how can we manage our lives?

The reaction of the people in general remind me to the reaction of the Spanish Communist Party, they say that they are not nationalist and the next thing they do is to speak about Spanish Federation. The spanish anarcho-nationalist have a similar speech changing Spanish federation to iberian federation, to dont look like so much "fachas".

melenas
May 11 2018 00:05
syndicalist wrote:
Quote:
The anarchs-nationalist, that some people is speaking about, always existed,

What a shame.

Yes, it is.

I thought that was only Spain where you could see that, but not, when you travel to other countries you find people that are as nationalist as the ones you can see in catalunya or in Spain, but because they don´t have any mirror to look them self on, they do not realize.

They do not realize their nationalist attitudes because is the normal behavior around them, because is the general speech and they grow up with it, nationalist is not only to carry with you a flag. Anarchist are not vaccinated against the social behavior that is around them.

syndicalist
May 11 2018 00:18
Quote:
Anarchist are not vaccinated against the social behavior that is around them.

....they should be if they are anarchists.

melenas
May 11 2018 01:05
Quote:
If it had any real guts and clarity it would come out and openly break with the nationalists and criticise their bourgeois role and statist goals. But that would lose the CNT some popularity so they play the populist game instead, hoping to get a seat at the nationalist table or within its future regime.

With which nationalist? Spanish? Catalans? Again speaking about Catalan nationalist and forgetting Spanish nationalist. Again you are not able to focus in the program that is for the working class, again the same speech. That is what I mean, the real anti-nationalist is the program, because is for the working class to selfmanage the production, you can take it a apply it wherever. Look like the trees doesn't let you see the forest.

Quote:
So a union has a program aimed at improving workers’ conditions via union recognition? That is unremarkable, hardly new and normally barely worthy of mention here; but that it is presented as the CNT’s orientation and contribution to a nationalist movement is its specific context and significance. The quality of the program content is not really the issue, it’s the pinning of it to the tail of a nationalist movement and portraying support for “self-determination” of “the people”/”citizens” etc as a route to realisation of that program – ie, a desired piggy-back for class improvement via cross-class national movements; and dressing all this up as “a revolutionary programme”! If one wanted to avoid such opportunist alliances and really encourage revolution one would have to deliberately use different terms from that of nationalism to clearly make one’s position distinct. All the nonsense about the 1st International and how terms were used then is an irrelevant deceit designed to have the cake and eat it too; deliberately ambiguous terms that the nationalists and leftists can read as they wish so as not alienate popular national sentiment and so to bury any contradictions.

One of the biggest mistakes of academicleftist is that they read word by word and analyze each one, instead to read a text and take what it says.

I didn't know that the main thing we have to do is to distinct our selves instead to propagate "La Idea" and put it in practice.

Quote:
The multi-class national entity known as “The Catalan population’s aspiration towards self-determination”, if realised, would enthrone and strengthen the local ruling class whose function is to deny “social justice” (in any meaningful way that that term can be understood) by the continued enforcement & maintenance of class society. And this is the 'hegemonic thinking' the CNT wants to promote? The program reads as a call for strong union recognition within a self-determined republic state. Or does the 'anarchist' CNT still not grasp that a republic is a state form? And that neither socialism nor anarchism are possible in one country/nation/republic?

Regardless of any other of his possible failings and Ragnar’s cynical attempted use of them to dismiss all he says, Amoros’s critique of the present situation is either helpful in understanding the present situation or not. It rings far more true & coherent than what I’ve heard from the CNT.

If you are not able to understand that what says CNT is that the only republic that CNT wants is the one base in libertarian communism is your problem, the fact that you loose your self in translation and you are not able to understand that CNT is using self determination as a real meaning not as UNO statement. If you are not able to understand that all the program and speech goes in the way that the only independence is the Libertarian Federalism, is your problem.

There is something that maybe in general people is not able to understand, most of the program is the update of CNT agreements from the 20´s and 30´s.
CNT has several agreements along that years about how to get the power needed to be able to make the revolution. This agreements were in the way of controlling the hirings of workers by the companies.

Point 1 and 2. historical points of CNT is in all the congresses.

Point 3. there are several agreements of CNT along the 20´s and 30´s in this way, there is no a confederal quantity but yes a fight in this way.

Point 6 (and 5) of the program, base on actual agreement of CNT about this issue base on all the agreements of CNT during the 20´s and 30´s

Point 8, Historical proposal of CNT, I think there is no need to explain it.

Point 10. Again control from the union about energy and housing. Now body remember the "tenants union" of CNT?

This program is totally based in the historical agreements of CNT to grow, and get the necessary strength to be able to make the revolution. However person that ever spend some minutes to read all the agreements can understand it. But of course, is easier speak about populism than make a real analysis of the program and see what results he gave in the past.

melenas
May 11 2018 01:07
syndicalist wrote:
Quote:
Anarchist are not vaccinated against the social behavior that is around them.

....they should be if they are anarchists.

Yes, but we are only people as the rest, not perfect, but at least in theory more open mind and ready to make self-criticisms.

akai
May 11 2018 05:38

That would be hilarious if it weren't so insidious.

Red Marriott
May 11 2018 21:06

My comments are about the content of the CNT program posted here. Firstly melenas claimed that the anarcho-nationalists were all Spanish nationalists; then, when it was shown that the CNT Secretary contradicted this claim, you express resentment that people don’t also criticise Spanish nationalism. But the existence of that is not a tit-for-tat excuse nor a validation for Catalan or other nationalism so I see its mention here as an attempted distraction. I assume you’re not claiming that anyone who criticises what the CNT calls “the Catalan population's aspiration towards self-determination” is a Spanish nationalist?

There is an opportunism in the CNT statements, wanting to accommodate – with vague ambiguities – both nationalist and non-nationalist currents. If the CNTistas here had been honest they’d have admitted these currents exist within both the CNT and the wider Spanish anarchist scene. The “fine line” the CNT secretary talks of negotiating is a compromise between these currents so as to not alienate either from the organisation (nor pro-independence sentiments in the wider society). This is reflected in the ambiguous language used. It’s the bureaucratic opportunism of seeking quantitative growth at the expense of quality and clarity of content.

I’m sure the CNT sometimes contributes something to improvement of working class conditions, as other unions do. But the CNT apparently also shares the bureaucratic opportunism and fear of internal disagreement of other unions. If the CNT, with its long historical experience, can’t now have a clear and unambiguous distance from nationalism then it only adds to the misrepresentation & distortion of what anti-statism is and what the content of a revolutionary struggle for it would be; it lines up alongside the statist anarcho-reformism of anarcho-Corbynism, Rojava PKK cheerleaders, anarcho-Chavez/Maduroism etc. As I said earlier; the CNT statements are “Implying that national independence can be compatible with, continuous with and a positive stage progressing towards working class/syndicalist goals.

The CNT see an opportunity to recruit & gain influence by riding the tail of a nationalist movement and trying to gloss over the difference between statist & anti-statist concepts of terms like “self-determination”, “independence” etc. You can try to gloss over it all you like and tell me I don’t understand and that the CNT is solidly “anti-nationalist” – despite the CNT statements repeatedly talking approvingly of ‘the Catalan population’s aspiration’ for a new state. Here’s a pro-independence article published in CNT paper Solidaridad Obrera a few months ago;

Quote:
What is being called the “Catalan Republic” is within our reach. ...
... the approval of independence that is showing itself to be the lever that permits us to open the cracks in the Regime of 78. A mythico-politico potential of the masses that the red-black internationalism does not now have. ...
... The opportunity is also in the self organizing capacity that is coming out in all parts, of agreement with the transformational fraction of the independence organizations, ...
... What do we want? We want to change everything with independence. We want a broad and true participation in all the things that directly affect us. We want to be able to live well. ...
... We want, with independence, to change everything from the root. ...
... What should become clear in the process of creating the “Catalan Republic” is that this is not going to happen without a permanent movement or without the Defense Committees ...
https://comradekitten.blogspot.co.uk/2017/10/lets-change-everything-from-roots.html