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About flexibilization & precarious work in EU

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Iskra's picture
Iskra
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Oct 28 2013 19:49
About flexibilization & precarious work in EU

Hi,

I'm writing this thread because I need some info and I hope that people here who are involved in class struggle might help me. Questions I have are regarding certain issues with flexibilisation of work and labour laws and whole this precarious work in EU countries. Even I ask about EU I don't mind, of course, to hear about other countries...

So, why this? Recently Croatian government (coalition of neoliberals and social-democrats) has passed their proposal of Labour Law changes. Croatia used to be part of "socialist" Yugoslavia, so our LL is little bit different then in rest of EU (except in ex-Eastern Block countries) and workers, at least on paper, have certain rights and stuff that they don't have in EU. Still, government decided to make changes that go in further liberalisation and flexibilisation of law, something that's quite common in EU. So, I've decided to write some kind of analysis. Because of these changes even yellow unions attacked government, of course in their own way, and they wrote their analysis (which is actually really good) why is this bad. While I was reading that text I've come to need to write few questions here as they are talking about other EU countries, but they don't offer any data. I'd personally like to do that in piece I'm writing.

So here are my questions:

1) How does national legislation of EU member state affect EU's directives on employment agencies (i.e. what countries "control" agencies and how)? From what I know, nobody really cares what these agencies do as long as they can provide cheaper labour. Still, I've read claim how certain EU states (nobody mentioned which ones) are "controlling" these agencies so that workers don't stay in them too long and so that workers can find full time employment asap. I don't believe in this fairytale, but if there are some mechanism I'd like to know about them and about their practice irl.

2) How does national legislation of EU member states affects workers that work for more than 1 boss? How does it protects them (or does it at all).... what are experiences with this kind of work... What is relationship between this kind of work and black market work (i.e. work without any contract, registration.... I guess that's usually immigrant work in Western EU states)?

This is it so far. I had something other in my head but it disappeared.

Thx to everyone who replies.... Except to trolls. I can feed trolls, because I'm from Eastern Europe.

Iskra's picture
Iskra
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Oct 28 2013 20:01

Oh yeah, last questions was regarding work time of "doctor in training" (interns). Because in Croatia their work hours are flexible and they don't actually work for wage... But I heard that in Ireland their situation is worst then in Croatia as it is more than 48h a week. So, any data, examples, interviews would be cool.

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Steven.
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Oct 28 2013 21:43

Hey, thanks for the questions.

I'm not an expert, but here are my thoughts, based on my knowledge of UK law:
1) basically in terms of the EU overall I don't think there are any controls other than guaranteeing the most basic employment rights. So basically getting 20 days paid holiday per year. I believe that in Sweden some (the majority I believe) agencies are not as crap as they are in most other places, as some at least pay salaries even if workers' assignments end, of 90% or something similar of the salary while on assignment for a period of time.

2) don't know anything about this. Basically I don't think the number of employers would make any difference. The laws would apply to each employer separately.

3) in terms of working hours I believe in the UK junior doctors are one of the groups of workers who often sign to opt out of the working time regulations to work over a 48-hour week.

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Iskra
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Oct 28 2013 22:38

Regarding 2) it does matter as these workers don't have "full contracts", so they are treated differently. In 2/3 cases in Croatian law according to union central.

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Steven.
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Oct 28 2013 23:22
Iskra wrote:
Regarding 2) it does matter as these workers don't have "full contracts", so they are treated differently. In 2/3 cases in Croatian law according to union central.

right, not completely sure what you mean here but by "full contracts" do you mean "full-time"? And what do you mean by 2/3?

In the UK unfavourable treatment of part-time workers is unlawful, due to European regulations. So your rights are the same in any employment, no matter how many jobs you have (depending on your contractual status. So if you are a casual or agency worker then you still have very few rights)