1919

The One Big Union Monthly (March 1919)

March 1919 issue of The One Big Union Monthly, an early publication of the IWW.

CONTENTS

-The Vanguard of Capitalism
-Introduction
-Our Immediate Demands
-The Red Tidal Wave
-A New Program
-Lest We Forget
-The Chinese and the IWW
-The Wave of Persecution
-Who is Guilty of Starting the War
-Parcelling Out
-Why the Silent Defense
-The Sacred Illusion is Broken
-Deportation of IWW Members
-The Standard Oil Gold Brick
-Who Has Profited by the War?
-A Study in Reconstruction by H.P. Herzberg
-The Big Task Before Us
-How the IWW Men Brought About the 8-Hour Day in the Lumber Industry by A.H. Price
-In Memoriam Carl Liebknecht by Covington Ami
-Is Wage Slavery Abolished in Russia
-Triumphant Industrial Democracy by Covington Ami
-The Life of Democracy by Harold Lord Varney
-The Most Important Question by Justus Ebert
-What is the IWW and What Does it Want?
-Was Butte a Defeat? by Harold Lord Varney
-Poisoning the Springs of Knowledge: A Study in Thought Control
-Life in Modern Russia by N. Bucharin
-The Progress of the One Big Union Idea
-As Other People See Us
-A Direct Appeal to the American People: A Statement of the Sacramento Case by a Silent Defense Prisoner
-The Great Unrest
-Butte in the Hands of the IWW by Harold Lord Varney
-The General Strike in Seattle
-The Sacramento "Trial" by Amy Oliver
-International News
-Some Items from the Butte Strike
-The Story of the IWW by Harold Lord Varney
-An International Conference of Marine Transport Workers
-Railroad Workers Industrial Union No. 600
-Agricultural Workers Industrial Union No. 400
-Metal and Machinery Workers Bulletin
-IWW Headquarters Bulletin

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obu1.pdf8.96 MB

The most important question - Justus Ebert

An article by Justus Ebert summarizing the principles of industrial unionism.

THE question "What is industrial unionism?" may be said to be, in its essence, the most important of social questions. For industrial unionism is, in its final analysis, a method of social reconstruction. It is a means by which the basic activities of society may be continued when capitalism shall have been overthrown by its own failures and class conflicts. Industrial unionism seeks to inaugurate a system of industrial democracy in place of capitalist autocracy and control when capitalism shall have demonstrated its own impossibility. Industrial unionism is constructive unionism, taking the place of self-destructive capitalism.

Industrial unionism is the highest development in unionism. It seeks to organize the worker according to industry, instead of trades, not only for the everyday conflict for more wages and less hours with employers, but also for the day surely coming when capitalism shall have outgrown its usefulness and must be supplanted by a system of greater stability and value to society as a whole. Industrial unionism is far-sighted unionism. It is social unionism.

Industrial unionism not only seeks greater unity among the workers, but believes that the abolition of craft lines in industry compels such unity. It views industry, 1n0t as a collection of trades with separate interests but as a series of continuous activities that tend to a general standard and are more affected by general conditions that permit of general movements.

How Craft Lines Disappear.

In the metal and machine industry large subdivisions of labor, formerly called, trades, are now classified on a uniform hour pay basis, and have their wages determined in arbitration proceedings by the rise in the cost of living, instead of their craft skill as formerly. In the transportation industry, to cite still another instance, the four large brotherhoods combine together to wage the 8 hour fight and to secure wage classifications that are of a general character. It is this tendency to put hours and wages on a general basis that makes industrial unionism both possible and necessary, and that also makes of industrial unionism large scale unionism, instead of the petty scale unionism, required by the trades 50 years ago.

Industrial unionism is alive not only to the general tendency to wipe out trade lines in industry, but also to the very close relation that exists between all industries. Industrial unionism, for instance, recognizes the close relationship that exists between the textile industry, in which the raw material for articles of wear is made, and the clothing industry, in which this raw material is made into the finished products. Industrial unionism recognizes the fact that these two industries practically form one whole industry, and organizes them accordingly. Industrial unionism embraces, accordingly, not only all the so-called trades in an industry, but all the industries engaged in the production and distribution of commodities. It is one big union of all industrial workers.

Interrelationship of Industries.

Industrial unionism, further, recognizes not only the very close relationship that exists between industries, but so also the financial ties that bind them still more closely together. In the clothing industry, for instance, it recognizes that woolen trust capital is invested in large establishments, and governs it self accordingly. Industrial unionism is alive to the fact that such is the interrelationship of all industries that the capital invested in them must become interrelated, too. That capitalism is in fact, one big combination of capital and capitalists, because industry itself is one big combination of activities, created by man's necessity to feed, clothe and shelter himself, and not by the alleged superior ability of the capitalist class. And thus it comes that industrial union organizes all industries together in one big union just as capitalism binds them together in one big combination for capitalist profit. Industrial unionism is parallel unionism, growing out of capitalist combination and living side by side with it.

International Unionism.

Industrial unionism arises out of and is modelled after modern capitalism. Unlike trade unionism, it is not born of the capitalism of 50 years ago. Industrial unionism recognizes that capitalism is not only interindustrial, so to speak, but also international. That just as it binds industries together by means of machine processes and financial investments, so also does capitalism tend to bind nations together. Industrial unionism follows the same trend. It too is not only interindustrial but also international. Industrial unionism seeks to organize the industrial workers of the world just as capitalism seeks to exploit them. Industrial unionism is spreading wherever international capitalism exists. Like international capitalism industrial unionism knows no boundaries, color, race, creed or sex. As international capitalism knows only profit, industrial unionism knows only the industrial exploitation by which profit is possible. Industrial unionism organizes to make industrial exploitation an impossibility. And capitalism is its most valued assistant.

Industry the Basis of Society.

Industrial unionism believes that industry, in its broadest economic sense, is the basis of society. We work in and are dependent for our very lives, art, culture, law and institutions of all kinds, on in- [here some text is missing from the original] dustry ceases, society closes. Every snow storm that ties up industry, every general strike, every shock of war, that paralizes and destroys industry, proves the depedence of all society on industry. President Wilson, when appealing to the A. F. of L. convention, declared that winning the war was impossible without the aid of labor. So that even international issues and the state depend on industry. Without industry, without the active cooperative labor of millions of men, women, and children, the state is unable to generate the force on which its very existence depends. Recognizing the dependence of society and the state on industry, industrial unionism urges the workers to organize industrially so that both society and the state may become so transformed as to lead to the greater freedom and progress of the race. Industrial unionism holds to the belief that he who controls industry, controls the means, not only by which peoples live, but also by which their interests and ideals are protected and advanced. To get control of industry for the benefit of mankind instead of capitalism is the object of industrial unionism.

The Wide Scope of Industrial Unionism.

Industrial unionism is not merely unionism in the old sense of getting more wages, less hours and better conditions, but also in the sense of getting more social power and a more perfect social status for the workers. It is a means of solving social problems for the workers, and of making the workers themselves representative of a new society working for the good of all and the profit of none. Industrial unionism, through its social vision, tends to make the workers more intelligent in the grasp of conditions. It tends, in its practical outworkings, to make them more self-reliant and competent to run affairs for themselves instead of for others. Industrial unionism, in scope and plan, fits the workers for the cooperative management of society. Industrial unionism is industrial democracy in the making.

Industrial Unionism is Industrial Democracy.

Industrial unionism is the great foe of capitalist materialism, with its degradation and destruction of manhood. Industrial unionism is the social idealism of the workers operating through industrial means to insure their own free development, and through that development, their own liberation—the liberation of society, for the workers are society, in fact and numbers. The capitalists are a class, a useless, dangerous, parasitic minority that can be dispensed with. Industrial unionism is unionism of the workers according to industry and for the advancement and emancipation of society, through their own intelligence and efforts. Industrial unionism is non-bureaucratic. It is non-autocratic. It is non-capitalistic. Industrial unionism is industrial democracy, by, for and of the workers, first, last and all the time.

Transcribed by J. D. Crutchfield. Taken from page no longer on iww.org but found on archive.org

The One Big Union Monthly (June 1919)

The June 1919 issue of The One Big Union Monthly.

Taken from CDs of JPG scans created by San Francisco General Membership Branch of the IWW
CDs provided courtesy of Nate Hawthorne/Twin Cities IWW Archives

AttachmentSize
OBUMjune1919pt1.pdf12.68 MB
OBUMjune1919pt2.pdf13.34 MB
OBUMjune1919pt3.pdf10.39 MB

The One Big Union Monthly (September 1919)

The September 1919 issue of The One Big Union Monthly

CONTENTS
-Our prisoners and defense work
-Add your protest by C.W. Anderson
-A letter from our attorney on the Wichita case
-General strike in behalf od all class war prisoners
-AF of L coal miners rush to the aid of IWW prisoners
-The merits of legal defense by Forrest Edwards
-Courts and direct action by William Clark
-Canadian workers in death grapple of capitalism
-Supplemental report of bail matters
-An explanation to contributers
-Two secret letters
-The exodus from Egypt, Moses and the IWW by John Sandgreen
-Reconstruction: a working class presentation of some of its problems by Justus Ebert
-The construction of the world on the basis of industrial democracy by J.L. and F.B.
-The industrial age by Covington Ami
-An open letter to construction workers
-The coal mining industry by Delegates M-120 and M-659
-A vision of the future by Robert G. Ingersoll
-The realism of the Bolsheviki by John Gabriel Soltis
-Compromising with the left wing by PH. Kurinsky
-The story of the IWW by Harold Lord Varney
-Southern conditions by Covington Ami.
-An appeal to the membership by George Adlercrants
-Craft unionism must go! by Frederick A. Blossom
-The story of No. 400 by Mat K. Fox
-Agricultural Workers Industrial Union No. 400, IWW by D.N. Simpson and Mat K. Fox
-Financial statement, AWIU No. 400, IWW, for month of July 1919
-Metal and Machinery Workers IU No. 300, IWW by Harold Lord Varney
-Construction Workers Industrial Union No. 573, IWW
-Marine Transport Workers Industrial Union No. 8, IWW financial statement
-Hotel, Restuarant and Domestic Workers IU No. 1100, IWW financial statement
-Railroad Workers Industrial Union No. 600, IWW report and financial statement
-Shipbuilding Workers Industrial Union No. 325, IWW financial statement
-Industrial Workers of the World: general office bulletin

Taken from CDs of JPG scans created by San Francisco General Membership Branch of the IWW
CDs provided courtesy of Nate Hawthorne/Twin Cities IWW Archives

The One Big Union Monthly (October 1919)

The October 1919 issue of The One Big Union Monthly, a publication of the Industrial Workers of the World.

CONTENTS
-With drops of blood: the history of the Industrial Workers of the World has been written
-Civilization by Jack Gaveel
-A voice from the Idaho prisons by Charles Anderson
-A voice from the stockade by Fred Mann, Card No. 251734
-The case of Louise Olivereau by Anne Gallagher
-Communism in Hungary
-The necessity of raising dues in the IWW
-Paterson textile workers in new quarters
-The high cost of living
-The Socialist and Communist conventions by Charles Mundell
-The passing of the Socialist Party by Donald M. Crocker
-The meditation of a wage slave by Henry Van Dorn
-The "patriotic" terrorists caught with the goods by John Sandgren
-Educating the immigrant or the public balks at "patriotism" by XXX
-Why the doom of predatory civilization cannot be averted by Quasimodo Von Belvedore
-The orthdox Wobbly and the borer from within by Jacob Margolis
-Our program in the steel district by Harold Lord Varney
-Industrial evolution in Mexico
-A break for liberty by J.M. Kerr
-It cannot by Covington Ami
-Industrial democracy by Covington Ami
-Three-cornered definitions by Robin of Podunk
-The bourgeois by Ray Markhom
-I Hear by Covington Ami
-Thus always? by Convington Ami
-To all the imprisoned Industrial Workers of the World by Matilda Robbins
-Song of the profiteers by Seldom Good
-The story of the IWW by Harold Lord Varney
-The objects of the IWW by Justus Ebert
-Lumber workers taking control of their industry by D.S. Dietz of IWIU No. 500
-Job talks by D.S. Dietz
-Some observations by Delegate E 369
-Conditions in the restuarant industry by Charles Mundell
-The curse of piece work by Frederick A. Blossom
-Asia throttled by Surrendra Karr
-Our minimum demands by Frederick A. Blossom
-Ox and man
-I, the kept press by Covington Ami
-What's in the basket
-The General Executive Board Meets
-New IWW papers
-Industrial union reports

Taken from CDs of JPG scans created by San Francisco General Membership Branch of the IWW
CDs provided courtesy of Nate Hawthorne/Twin Cities IWW Archives

AttachmentSize
OBUMoct1919pt1.pdf12.97 MB
OBUMoct1919pt2.pdf13.04 MB
OBUMoct1919pt3.pdf10.2 MB

The One Big Union Monthly (November 1919)

The November 1919 issue of The One Big Union Monthly, a publication of the Industrial Workers of the World.

CONTENTS
-$1,000,000 for bond, $100,000 for defense
-Riots and race wars, lynching and massacres, military law, terrorism and giant strikes
-The collapse of capitalism
-Industrial franchise, industrial representation, industrial administration are the elements of industrial democracy and industrial communism
-Politics by B.E. Nilsson
-Time by Harry Lloyd
-Twelve thousand miles away by Covington Ami
-In 'no man's land' by Covington Ami.
-Freedom by Raymond Corder
-The truth about the steel strike by Harold Lord Varney
-The signifigance of Gary by Anne Gallagher
-The war against Gompersism in Mexico by Linn A.E. Gale
-The League of Nations and the Treaty of Peace by W.J. Lemon
-The metal miner----copper by Delegate M659
-The Railroad Workers Union by Card No. 301479, No. 600
-The life of a railroad trackman by A Trackman
-When Earth's last conflict is ended by Douglas Robson
-The cellmate by Raymond Corder
-The fundamental principles of the IWW by C.E. Payne
-The importation of ideas in the labor movement by John Sandgren
-The IWW needs an industrial encyclopedia by John Sandgren
-The story of the IWW by Harold Lord Varney
-The lumberjack by D.S. Diets
-The traffic flags by O.A. Kennedy
-A letter to the editor
-IWW in Mexico
-The German IWW paper
-Raising of the dues: the stand of Minneapolis
-Industrial union reports

Taken from CDs of JPG scans created by San Francisco General Membership Branch of the IWW
CDs provided courtesy of Nate Hawthorne/Twin Cities IWW Archives

AttachmentSize
OBUMnov1919pt1.pdf11.61 MB
OBUMnov1919pt2.pdf11.64 MB

The One Big Union Monthly (December 1919)

The December 1919 issue of The One Big Union Monthly.

Taken from CDs of JPG scans created by San Francisco General Membership Branch of the IWW
CDs provided courtesy of Nate Hawthorne/Twin Cities IWW Archives

AttachmentSize
OBUMdecember1919pt1.pdf14.33 MB
OBUMdecember1919pt2.pdf13.59 MB
OBUMdecember1919pt3.pdf12.09 MB